Community members in the Winam Gulf wetland areas spend a lot of money on fuel for cooking and lighting their homes at night. The alternative to this that they have is the cutting down of trees and other wetland vegetation and use them as wood fuel.
This leads to encroachment into the wetlands and destruction of habitats for the animals which live in the wetlands, for example, the sitatunga, hippopotamus and numerous bird species. Birds species like the papyrus gonolek, is an endangered species, further destruction of its habitat will lead to it being completely wiped out from the wetland ecosystem.
We are constructing Hybrid feed biogas digesters which are designed in a way that they produce gas with the use of human excreta and cow dung. It is one digestion chamber which has 2 inlets, and one outlet.
This is a strategy that is meant to curb the use of wood fuel and hence reduce the dependence of the community members on wetland vegetation. Just as the ecological sanitation toilets are used to produce compost manure, the biogas digesters also produce slurry as a by product, and this is collected and can be used in farms as compost manure.
The use of biogas will help in improving the livelihoods of the community members and also lead to the continued conservation of the wetlands. This is because of the impact of relieved pressure on the wetlands in terms of farming in the wetlands, and reduced pollution because of the use of clean energy for cooking in the households.
The other positive impact that this will have is that it will reduce encroachment into the wetlands and this will end up reducing the cases of human wildlife conflict and habitat destruction.